In the age of advanced and accessible connectivity where the internet has connected the world in a network of information, security hassles have increased manifold. With the increasing demand for routers within networks and the limited availability of unique IP addresses the creation of a unique password is a necessity for internet security. Passwords are essential components that keep your network secure with special care that is required to ensure that your network is safe from fraudsters. Nowadays, with IP logging being a fairly common method of tracing fraudsters, it is important that you keep your router secure with access restricted to authorized persons. For this purpose, it is highly advisable that one uses a customized password which cannot be easily decoded or guessed by fraudsters or hackers.
With the limited IP addresses broadband manufacturing firms use default IP addresses (mostly 192.168.1.1) to simplify configuration for consumers. The added advantage being, that since the networks are private, even if several networks use the same IP address there won’t be any problems with data connectivity. However this default IP does make it simpler for hackers or fraudulent internet users to hack into private networks and infuse spyware or malware, or reconfigure the settings to block out the home users. For this reason reconfiguring the password and username settings becomes a necessity, as it complicates the methods that hackers have to use to tap into the router / network thereby increasing security and providing you with a safe browsing experience.
Routers are devices provided by network providers to help users connect to the internet while avoiding data traffic. Unlike hubs which transfer data to every single device within the network assuming it will reach its destination, Routers, are located at the connection or gateway point and they connect Land Area Networks (LAN) to Wide Area Networks (WAN). Routers also possess translation and filtering capabilities thereby encoding and decoding the IP address in every data transfer and blocking malware prone or misdirected data packets. Routers increase security in browsing experiences as they keep the device address private by decoding and encoding it on the data packets according to necessity.
There are two types of routers manufactured by broadband companies, Wired routers connected through ethernet cables, or wireless routers. These routers not only provide access to the internet, but they also act as network switches and create wireless access points through which multiple devices can be connected within a network. They are commonly used as mentioned to provide access to the internet, or to some other computer network. They can function in wired LAN or wireless LAN (WLAN) networks. It becomes easier to connect devices such as Xboxes, Playstations and other gaming consoles through a Wi-Fi connection. It also provides connection for smartphones and devices such as iPhones and iPods. Most wireless routers have the following characteristics:
- LAN ports which function similarly to network switch ports.
- A WAN port which can connect to a wide area network, usually one with internet access. External destinations and other networks can be accessed through this port.
- Wireless antennas that allow connections to other wireless devices such as NiCs, wireless repeaters, wireless access points and wireless bridges.
- Wireless Routers also include a DSL or cable modems in addition to the other components.